web3-react 🧰

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Introduction

web3-react is a simple, powerful framework for building modern Ethereum dApps using React. Its marquee features are:

Quickstart

To jump straight into code, check out the CodeSandbox demo!

Edit web3-react

1. Install

Ensure you're using the latest react and react-dom versions (or anything ^18):

yarn add react@latest react-dom@latest

Next, you'll have to install ethers.js. If you'd like to use web3.js instead, you can additionally install it (note that ethers.js is still required, as it's an internal dependency to the library).

# required
yarn add ethers
# optional
yarn add web3

Finally you're ready to use web3-react:

yarn add web3-react@latest

2. Setup Connectors

Now, you'll need to decide how you want users to interact with your dApp. This is almost always with some combination of MetaMask, Infura, Trezor/Ledger, WalletConnect, Fortmatic/Portis, etc. For more details on each of these options, see Connectors.md.

import { Connectors } from 'web3-react'
const { InjectedConnector, NetworkOnlyConnector } = Connectors
const MetaMask = new InjectedConnector({ supportedNetworks: [1, 4] })
const Infura = new NetworkOnlyConnector({
providerURL: 'https://mainnet.infura.io/v3/...'
})
const connectors = { MetaMask, Infura }

3. Setup Web3Provider

The next step is to setup a Web3Provider at the root of your dApp. This ensures that children components are able to take advantage of the web3-react context.

import React from 'react'
import Web3Provider from 'web3-react'
export default function App () {
return (
<Web3Provider
connectors={...}
libraryName={'ethers.js'|'web3.js'|null}
...
>
...
</Web3Provider>
)
}

The Web3Provider takes 3 props:

  1. connectors: any (required): An object mapping arbitrary string connector names to Connector objects (see the previous section for more detail).

  2. libraryName: string (required): ethers.js|web3.js|null depending on which library you wish to use in your dApp. Passing null will expose the low-level provider object (you probably don't want this).

  3. web3Api: any (optional): If you use web3.js, this prop must be defined, with the value of the default export of web3 (e.g. import Web3 from 'web3').

4. Activate

Now, you need to decide how/when you would like to activate your Connectors. For all options, please see the manager functions section. The example code below attempts to automatically activate MetaMask, and falls back to infura.

import React, { useEffect } from 'react'
import { useWeb3Context } from 'web3-react'
// This component must be a child of <App> to have access to the appropriate context
export default function MyComponent () {
const context = useWeb3Context()
useEffect(() => {
context.setFirstValidConnector(['MetaMask', 'Infura'])
}, [])
if (!context.active && !context.error) {
// loading
return ...
} else if (context.error) {
//error
return ...
} else {
// success
return ...
}
}

5. Using web3-react

Finally, you're ready to use web3-react!

The easiest way to use web3-react is with the useWeb3Context hook.

import React from 'react'
import { useWeb3Context } from 'web3-react'
function MyComponent() {
const context = useWeb3Context()
return <p>{context.account}</p>
}

To use web3-react with render props, wrap Components in a Web3Consumer.

import React from 'react'
import { Web3Consumer } from 'web3-react'
function MyComponent() {
return <Web3Consumer>{context => <p>{context.account}</p>}</Web3Consumer>
}

The component takes 2 props:

  1. recreateOnNetworkChange: boolean (optional, default true). A flag that controls whether child components are completely re-initialized upon network changes.

  2. recreateOnAccountChange: boolean (optional, default true). A flag that controls whether child components are completely re-initialized upon account changes.

If you must, you can use web3-react with an HOC.

import React from 'react'
import { withWeb3 } from 'web3-react'
function MyComponent({ web3 }) {
return <p>{web3.account}</p>
}
export default withWeb3(MyComponent)

withWeb3 takes an optional second argument, an object that can set the flags defined above in the render props section.

Context

Regardless of how you access the web3-react context, it will look like:

{
active: boolean
connectorName?: string
connector?: any
library?: any
networkId?: number
account?: string | null
error: Error | null
setConnector: (connectorName: string, options?: SetConnectorOptions) => Promise<void>
setFirstValidConnector: (connectorNames: string[], options?: SetFirstValidConnectorOptions) => Promise<void>
unsetConnector: () => void
setError: (error: Error, options?: SetFirstValidConnectorOptions) => void
}

Variables

  • active: A flag indicating whether web3-react currently has an connector set.

  • connectorName: The name of the currently active connector.

  • connector: The currently active connector object.

  • library: An instantiated ethers.js or web3.js instance (or the low-level provider object).

  • networkId: The current active network ID.

  • account: The current active account if one exists.

  • error: The current active error if one exists.

Manager Functions

  • setConnector(connectorName: string, { suppressAndThrowErrors?: boolean, networkId?: number }): Activates a connector by name. The optional second argument has two keys: suppressAndThrowErrors (false by default) that controls whether errors, instead of bubbling up to context.error, are instead thrown by this function, and networkId, an optional manual network id passed to the getProvider method of the connector.

  • setFirstValidConnector(connectorNames: string[], { suppressAndThrowErrors?: boolean, networkIds?: number[] }): Tries to activate each connector in turn by name. The optional second argument has two keys: suppressAndThrowErrors (false by default) that controls whether errors, instead of bubbling up to context.error, are instead thrown by this function, and networkIds, optional manual network ids passed to the getProvider method of the connector in turn.

  • unsetConnector(): Unsets the currently active connector.

  • setError: (error: Error, { preserveConnector?: boolean, connectorName?: string }) => void: Sets context.error, optionally preserving the current connector if preserveConnector is true (default true), or setting a connectorName (note that if you're doing this, preserveConnector is ignored).

Implementations

Projects using web3-react include:

Open a PR to add your project to the list! If you're interested in contributing, check out Contributing-Guidelines.md.

Notes

Prior art for web3-react includes: